The Turkish President, Ukrainian President and UN Secretary General signed the grain deal in Lviv last July

Ukraine is one of the world's largest exporters of sunflower, maize, wheat and barley.
Erdogan - Zelensky - Guteres
Erdogan - Zelensky - Guteres
When Russia invaded in February 2022, its naval vessels blockaded Ukraine's ports, trapping around 20 million tonnes of grain that sent global food prices soaring.

It also threatened food supplies to a number of Middle Eastern and African countries which rely heavily on Ukrainian grain.

The UN warned that 44 million people in 38 countries were facing "emergency levels of hunger".

Since the grain deal was signed last July, world food prices have decreased by some 20%, according to the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization.
source: bbc

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